Iskandarnote – The MMR vaccine is a vaccine used to protect the body from the three types of the disease, namely measles (measles), mumps (mumps), and rubella. Administration of MMR vaccine is recommended for all age groups, especially children and adults who do not get this vaccine.
MMR vaccine contains a combination of the measles virus, mumps, and rubella has been attenuated. The granting of a virus that has been attenuated this will trigger the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against the three diseases.
This time, it has developed a combination vaccine called vaccine MMRV. This vaccine not only protects the body from measles, mumps, and rubella, but also chicken pox. Vaccine MMRV can be used for children aged 12 months to 12 years old.
In Indonesia alone, the administration of the vaccine MR (measles and rubella) take precedence on the program of mandatory immunization, i.e. at the age of 9 months. This is because the Indonesian government to prioritize the prevention of measles and rubella, which can cause serious complications and even death.
Therefore, for children who have received the MMR vaccine, it is recommended to continue to receive the MR vaccine so that the body gets full immunity against measles and rubella.
Indication of the Administration of the MMR Vaccine
There are two groups of individuals that is recommended to get the MMR vaccine, namely :
MMR vaccine can be obtained through a program of routine immunization of children. The first dose of MMR vaccine should be accepted when children aged 12-15 months, while the second dose received while children aged 4-6 years.
If new children get one dose of MMR vaccine, then the body is not completely protected from the risk of measles, mumps, and rubella.
Teen and Adult
Adults who have never been or a new 1-time get the MMR vaccine, it is recommended to receive two injections of MMR vaccine with a time lag of 1 month. Adults are recommended to get the MMR vaccine is:
Women who are planning to become pregnant
People who will visit areas that are experiencing or have experienced measles outbreaks
Warning the Administration of the Vaccine MMR
The MMR vaccine is not generally recommended or delayed administration in people with the following conditions:
Have or have ever had an allergic reaction to the MMR vaccine
Suffering from cancer or are undergoing treatment that affects the immune system, such as treatment with corticosteroids, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy
Being pregnant, because this vaccine can cause complications in pregnancy and trigger a miscarriage
Suffering from diseases that affect the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS
Have a history of immune system disorders in the family
New underwent a blood transfusion
Suffering from tuberculosis
Receive other vaccines in the past 4 weeks
Have a history of blood clotting disorders
Before the Administration of the MMR Vaccine
Before the MMR vaccination, the doctor will conduct a question and answer about your medical history, allergy history, medications being consumed, and the lifestyle of the patient. The doctor will also explain about the advantages as well as risks that may be experienced by patients after vaccination.
Next, the doctor will perform a physical examination and measuring body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate, to ensure that the patient is in a good state, so that the risk of occurrence of side effects after a vaccination is low.
For parents, there are some things that can be done before the child received the MMR vaccine, namely:
Bring the book the immunization of children, so that the doctor can see a vaccine that has been received
Bring a toy or favorite objects the child to calm the child when given the vaccine
Choose comfortable clothes for the child, such as t-shirts that are not strictly
Explain to the child in simple language about the process of vaccination will be done
Tell the child that the vaccination will make their body stay healthy
Side effects of Administration of MMR Vaccine
The MMR vaccine has few side effects that may appear 6-14 days after the first vaccination, namely:
Mild rash in the area injected
Swelling of the glands of the cheeks or neck
In rare cases, the MMR vaccine can also cause some more serious side effects, namely:
Joint pain or joint stiffness
Seizures caused by fever (febrile seizures)
Decrease in the number of platelets, which are temporary and can cause bleeding
To avoid dangerous side effects, contact your doctor immediately if appear complaint form:
Ringing in the ears
Allergic reactions, such as red spots, heart pounding, to shortness of breath